Water Polo is a very demanding team sport played in water. It is sometimes described as a combination of swimming, soccer, basketball, ice hockey, rugby and wrestling - and much of this action takes place under the water! Players can move the ball by throwing it to a teammate or swimming with the ball in front of them.
Players are not permitted to push the ball underwater in order to keep it from an opponent, or push or hold an opposing player unless that player is holding the ball. As all field players are only allowed to touch the ball with one hand at a time, they must develop the ability to catch and throw the ball with either hand or also the ability to catch a ball from any direction, including across the body using the momentum of the incoming ball.
The players need to have the skills and fitness to tread water without using their hands, palm off opponents, and pass and shoot at goal under fatigue. In an average one hour game, they will be required to swim up to four to five kilometers (2.5 to 3 miles).